Anthropometric measures as predictors for elevated blood pressure in physical education and medical male college students, El-minia University, Egypt

Sayed F. El-Sheikh, Maher M. Kamel, Mohamed A. Desoky, El-Sayed A. Mahran, Nabil A. Al-sayed

Abstract


Adolescents have a high and increasing burden of excess weight and hypertension. Lack of physical activity, social stress and sedentary life style are involved as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The target of the study is to evaluate the anthropometric differences between physical education students and medical students after one or two years of study at El-minia University, Egypt and to know the most predicting anthropometric measures associated with blood pressure elevation in both groups. A cross sectional study was performed with a sample of 850 male students (50% medical students), of age between 18-19 years old. Anthropometric data was collected, including weight, stature, midarm, midchest, waist, hip circumferences, and skinfold thickness of biceps, triceps, subscapular, abdominal and suprailiac regions. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-stature ratio (WSR) were calculated. All anthropometric parameters indicating overweight and obesity were higher in medical than physical education students, including BMI (24.6±4.4 kg/m2 to 23.1±2.3 kg/m2), with significant level (p<0.05). Also the means of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in medical students (mean of SBP= 122.5±13 mmHg, DBP= 78.9±9.5 mmHg), than physical education students (SBP= 118.9±8.5 mmHg, DBP= 76.4±7.3 mmHg). Midarm, midchest circumferences, lean mass (FM.BMI) and fat mass (FM.BMI) in medical students, while the hip circumference and subscapular skinfold in physical education students were the most valuable predictors for elevated blood pressure. Decreased physical activity and sedentary stressful life considered as risk factors for blood pressure elevation

Keywords


blood pressure, excess weight, physical activity, students

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